Based in the foothills of Doi Suthep mountain in Chiang Mai, Thailand, Studio Naenna Textiles specializes in silk and cotton fabrics using traditional Thai motifs. Their handwoven, naturally-dyed textiles honor the heritage craft of the region, the weavers who make them – as well as the environment.

Maker Collaboration Studio Naenna Textiles-1

Studio Naenna’s founder, Patricia Cheesman, was teaching pottery and building kilns as part of a UN project in Laos during the early 1970’s. During Lao Revolution of 1975, villagers fled to the capital city of Vientiane and many took their heritage cloths to sell. This was the beginning of Patricia’s research into Lao and Thai textiles. An acknowledged textile expert, Patricia has written five books, is a frequent conference lecturer, and teaches Thai textiles, ceramics, and contemporary design at Chiang Mai University.

In 1988, Patricia founded Studio Naenna to revitalize the Northern Thai wisdom of intricate handwoven patterns, a fair trade business that she now runs with her daughter Lamorna Cheesman. The mother-daughter team sell textiles, clothing, and decorative pieces – as well as offering workshops about dyeing and weaving that are as inspiring as they are informative.

It was at one of these indigo dyeing workshops that I first met Patricia and Lamorna. As a commercial fashion designer from New York City, I was excited to see their natural dyeing process and watch the hand-weaving of quality textiles – the same way it had been done for generations. Within a few months of that meeting I moved to a leafy-green neighborhood in Chiang Mai, just a short bicycle ride away from Studio Naenna. I instinctually knew that I wanted to work with these inspiring women designing simple shapes with their patterned textiles. This project would become The Kindcraft’s first Maker Collaboration.

Read below to learn more about Studio Naenna’s natural dyes, ikat weaving by Weavers for the Environment, and our collaboration – which is now available in our brand new online shop! Alongside the collaboration, you’ll find a curated collection of handmade goods that I selected on my travels throughout Asia. Each of the limited pieces in The Kindcraft Shop was slow made with care.


Natural Dyes

Maker Collaboration Studio Naenna Textiles-1Most of Studio Naenna’s cotton and silk is dyed with natural plant-based dyes derived from local materials. Blood-orange colored annatto seeds are gathered from the pods of the achiote tree, known locally as the “lipstick tree” because women have long used the seeds to color their lips. Jackfruit wood can be boiled down into yellow dye, and ebony fruit produces grey to black color.

Making blue dye from indigo plants requires a process of fermentation. First leaves are harvested, bundled, and soaked overnight. In the morning the water is blue as if by magic! The strained water then is mixed with builders lye, oxidized through beating, and left to settle. The paste that precipitates to the bottom is collected and used for dyeing. Read the full story of how this special plant is used to create 100% natural blue dye in The Kindcraft’s report Indigo from Plant to Paste and see the indigo vat that Patricia has kept alive and nurtured for 25 years.

Our Indigo Collection was created with textiles that were dipped again and again into Patricia’s indigo vat as yarns, then washed, dried, and later handwoven into fabric by Weavers for the Environment.

Studio Naenna’s home in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

The indigo dyeing area.

Patricia bundling indigo plants.

Lamorna and Patricia making natural indigo dye. Learn more about the The Process: Indigo from Plant to Paste on The Kindcraft.

Indigo paste

Dyeing in the indigo vat.

A color card of natural dyes.

Reference for colors and the plants they are derived from.

Measuring annatto seeds for creating dye.

The achiote tree produces these annatto seeds in pods, and the color comes from pigments found in the reddish waxy coating of the seeds.

Patricia and a student work with ebony to create grey to black dye.

A Thai weaver named Sang works on a backstrap loom at Studio Naenna.

Weavers for the Environment

Ikat Maker Collaboration Studio Naenna Textiles-1Studio Naenna supports Weavers for the Environment, a women’s organization that began in 1992 to benefit weavers while document their indigenous knowledge of plant dyeing and weaving techniques for future generations. It is also important that the women gain confidence and a sense well-being working in their villages to support their families rather than migrating to cities for jobs.

On a hot, dry day in April 2015, Lamorna and I drove an hour south of Chiang Mai to the village where Weavers for the Environment is located. I met the group of women who create eco-textiles for Studio Naenna – women that Lamorna has known for most of her life having grown up in Chiang Mai at the textile studio.

Master Weaver Vi, Rut, and Yao are specialists of weft ikat textiles – a type of patterned textile that is achieved through resist-dyeing yarns before they are woven.  Ikat is a long and process which takes time and skill. First, a pattern is created by Studio Naenna and the women must interpret the design for it to fit the fabric width. The next task is winding the notches of the frame, each of which represents a step in the design where the repeat is determined by the amount of threads that are wrapped at the notches.

Next, plastic ties are tightly tied onto the yarns according to the pattern so that those portions will resist dye.  After the yarns are brought to Studio Naenna for dyeing, they are returned to Weavers for the Environment and, once untied, reveal the pattern in the negative, undyed space. The yarns are placed onto the swift and then unwoven onto tins, from those tins to the spools, and finally to the loom for weaving. At this point, the women will see if they successfully planned the ikat pattern if the the design lines up as they throw the shuttle back-and-forth creating their very special intricately woven fabrics.

Creating an ikat pattern.

Rut is winding.

Tightly wrapped plastic ties resist dye.

When the ties are removed after dyeing, the base color is revealed. The pattern will show in the base color.

Vi, the Master Weaver

These skilled ikat weavers are careful to line up the pattern correctly.

The Collaboration

A year-and-a-half after our initial meeting over the indigo vat, Lamorna and I decided that Studio Naenna and The Kindcraft should collaborate on a project: I would design simple shapes that would be made from Studio Naenna’s quality handwoven textiles.

Collab Maker Collaboration Studio Naenna Textiles-1-6It was a privilege to choose what textiles I wanted to work with, and I decided to make two small collections – one focused on indigo-dyed textiles, and another group featuring ikat cotton fabric. I deliberately kept my designs minimal to highlight the beauty of the textiles.

After I had designed the two seasonless womenswear collections, Lamorna and I worked with local tailors in Chiang Mai to plan, fit, and assemble the collection which was made entirely in an ethical environment.

Our Indigo Collection has five contemporary shapes: a boxy woven tee made with a navy indigo with medium indigo blue piecing at the sleeves and hem, a wide-leg crop pant, and a pleated short. The group also includes a midi skirt, and a tropical weather inspired kaftan made with a special 70% silk, 30% cotton indigo ikat textile. I also worked with a Chiang Mai artist named Peeraphong Rattanaseenurangkul to create a shibori pattern that he hand-dyed with indigo for the boxy woven tee and the pleated short.

The Ikat Collection focuses on the beautiful cotton pattern woven by Weavers for the Environment. The monochrome black and grey ikat appears as an easy over-the-head column dress, a boxy woven tee, and a kimono which reverses cleanly from ikat to solid grey. Our shirt dress is available in solid black, cream, and abstract stripe fabric. We used a super-soft diamond twill for the wide-leg pant.

Cover Maker Collaboration Studio Naenna Textiles-1-3Each of the pieces I have included in The Kindcraft Shop were slow made with care. Throughout my travels in Asia, I have also hand-selected items that fit with the collections – like our ceramics, and the Year of Indigo bandana by BUAISOU – for their beauty and handmade quality. All of the items in The Kindcraft Shop are one-of-a-kind and very limited in stock.

Thank you for shopping ethically and supporting the continuation of heritage craft and sustainable livelihoods for the independent makers that we work with.

 

 

Shop the Indigo Collection

 

Shop the Ikat Collection